Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2019, Page: 8-14
Review on Agro-forestry System and Its Contribution in Ethiopia
Endale Bekele Jiru, Department of Natural Resource, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Bonga University, Kafa, Ethiopia
Received: Jan. 23, 2019;       Accepted: Feb. 25, 2019;       Published: Mar. 28, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijsmit.20190501.12      View  168      Downloads  144
Abstract
Agroforestry is an ancient practice and also the farmers are too much familiarized with it in Ethiopia. It contributes incredible benefits via socio-economic and environment. The main idea of this paper is to review Agro-forestry system/practices and its contribution in Ethiopia. Most common types of agroforestry practices are home garden, farmland, woodlot and coffee farm; however, their distribution and perception of farmer on those various practice varied. An amazing, each agroforestry practice contributes multiple benefits because it provides various services from specific unit of land. The major advantage was diversify productions, which is the best strategy, particularly for smallholder’s farmer because their livelihood depending on farming system. Agroforestry practice is highly recommended and acceptable than mono-cropping consequently it provides a socio-economic benefits like tree products (Timber, firewood, construction materials and fruit for food) and income, whereas environmental services (reduce soil erosion, increase soil moisture and fertility, coffee shade, and keep micro climate balance). Generally, it is good tool for mitigating and adapting climate change. As result farmers were accounted it as a mainstay for maximizing their land productive capacity then improve the smallholder’s livelihoods. Therefore, the government should encourage agroforestry practice for improving the livelihoods of farmer and smoothly to tolerate the variable of climate change.
Keywords
Agroforestry System, Socio-economic, Coffee Shade, Environmental and Income
To cite this article
Endale Bekele Jiru, Review on Agro-forestry System and Its Contribution in Ethiopia, International Journal of Sustainability Management and Information Technologies. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 8-14. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsmit.20190501.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
FAO (2013). Advancing Agroforestry on the Policy Agenda: A Guide for Decision-Makers. In G. Buttoud, in collaboration with O. Ajayi, G. Detlefsen, F. Place and E. Torquebiau. Agroforestry Working Paper no. 1. Rome.
[2]
Abrha BG (2016). Potential Effects of Agroforestry Practices on Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies: A Review. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 6 (15).
[3]
Akinnifesi FK, Silashe G, Ajayi OC, Chirwa PW, Kwesiga FR, Harawa R (2008). Contributions of agroforestry research and development to livelihood of smallholder farmers in Southern Africa: 2. Fruit, Medicinal, Fuelwood and Fodder Tree Systems, Agricultural Journal, 3 (1): 76 – 88.
[4]
Mbow C, Smith P, Skole D, Duguma L, Bustamante M (2014). Achieving mitigation and adaptation to climate change through sustainable agroforestry practices in Africa. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 6: 8-14.
[5]
Casey JF, (2004). Agroforestry adoption in Mexico: using Keynes to better understand farmer decision-making. Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, 26 (3), 505-521.
[6]
Dwivedi RP, Kareemulla K, Singh R, Rizvi RH, Chauhan J (2007). Socio-Economic Analysis of Agroforestry Systems in Western Uttar Pradesh, 7: 18–22.
[7]
MOARD (2005). Agroforestry extension package for Pastoral community (Amharic version) Addis Ababa Ethiopia.
[8]
Asfaw Z, Agren, GI (2007). Farmers’ local knowledge and topsoil properties of agroforestry practices in Sidama, Southern Ethiopia. Agroforestry Systems, 71 (1): 35-48.
[9]
Madalcho AB, Tefera MT (2016). Management of Traditional Agroforestry Practices in Gununo Watershed in Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia. Forest Research: Open Access, 5 (1).
[10]
Zenebe G, Jesper S, Alemu M, Atlaw A (2011). Climate change and the Ethiopian Economy. A computable general Equilibrium Analysis. Environment for Development, Ethiopia.
[11]
Demelash M, Stahr K (2010). Assessment of integrated soil and water conservation measures on key soil properties in South Gonder, North-Western Highlands of Ethiopia. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management, 1 (7): 164-176.
[12]
Deresa F, Legesse T (2015). Cause of Land Degradation and Its Impacts on Livelihoods of the Population in Toke Kutaye Woreda, Ethiopia. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 5 (5).
[13]
Fentie D, Fufa B, Bekele W (2013). Determinants of the use of soil conservation technologies by smallholder farmers: The case of Hulet Eju Enesie District, East Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 1 (04): 2321-1571.
[14]
Yohannes H (2016). A Review on Relationship between Climate Change and Agriculture. Journal of Earth Science and Climatic Change; 7 (2).
[15]
Pender J, Gebremedhin B (2008). Determinants of agricultural and land management practices and impacts on crop production and household income in the highlands of Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of African Economies, 17 (3): 395-450.
[16]
Garrity DP (2004). Agroforestry and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals; Agroforestry Systems, 61: 5–17.
[17]
Bishaw B, Neufeldt H, Mowo J, Abdelkadir A, Muriuki J, Dalle G, Assefa T, Guillozet K, Kassa H, Dawson IK, Luedeling E (2013). Farmers’ strategies for adapting to and mitigating climate variability and change through agroforestry in Ethiopia and Kenya. Forestry Communications Group, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.
[18]
Linger E (2014). Agro-ecosystem and socio-economic role of home garden agroforestry in Jabithenan District, North-Western Ethiopia: implication for climate change adaptation. SpringerPlus, 3: 154.
[19]
Muleta D, Assefa F, Nemomissa S, Granhall U (2007). Composition of coffee shade tree species and density of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) spores in Bonga natural coffee forest, southwestern Ethiopia. Forest ecology and management, 241 (1): 145-154.
[20]
Abebe T, Wiersum KF, Bongers F (2010). Spatial and temporal variation in crop diversity in agroforestry home gardens of southern Ethiopia. Agroforestry Systems, 78 (3): 309-322.
[21]
Kebebew Z, Urgessa K (2011). Agroforestry Perspective in Land Use Pattern and Farmers Coping Strategy: Experience from Southwestern Ethiopia. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 7 (1): 73-77.
[22]
Kebebew Z, Garedew W, Debela, A (2011). Understanding home garden in household food security strategy: Case study around Jimma, Southwestern Ethiopia. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, 6 (1): 38-43.
[23]
Leakey RRB (1996). Definition of agroforestry revisited. Agroforestry Today (ICRAF).
[24]
Sisay M, Mekonnen K (2013). Tree and shrub species integration in the crop-livestock farming system. African Crop Science Journal, 21 (1): 647-656.
[25]
Negash M (2007). Trees management and livelihoods in Gedeo's agroforests, Ethiopia. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods, 17: 157-168.
[26]
Duguma LA (2013). Financial analysis of agroforestry land uses and its implications for smallholder farmer’s livelihood improvement in Ethiopia. Agroforestry systems, 87 (1): 217-231.
[27]
Ketsela KH (2012). The Contribution of Eucalyptus Woodlots to the Livelihoods of Small Scale Farmers in Tropical and Subtropical Countries with Special Reference to the Ethiopian Highlands.
[28]
Abebe T (2005). Diversity in homegarden agroforestry systems of southern Ethiopia. PhD thesis Wageningen University, Wageningen. 90-8504-163-5.
[29]
Duguma L A, Hager H (2010). Woody plants diversity and possession, and their future prospects in small-scale tree and shrub growing in agricultural landscapes in central highlands of Ethiopia. Small-scale Forestry, 9 (2): 153-174.
[30]
Ayele Y, Ewnetu Z, Asfaw Z (2014). Economic Evaluation of Coffee-Enset-Based Agroforestry Practice in Yirgachefe Woreda, Ethiopia: Comparative Analysis with Parkland Agroforestry Practice. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Developmen, 5 (27).
[31]
Duguma LA, Hager H (2009). Forest products scarcity perception and response by tree planting in the rural landscapes: farmers' views in central highlands of Ethiopia. Ekológia, 28 (2): 158.
[32]
Kebebew Z, Ayele G (2010). Profitability and household income contribution of growing Eucalyptus globulus (Labill.) to smallholder farmers: The case of central highland of Oromia, Ethiopia. European Journal of applied science, 2 (1): 25-29.
[33]
Das T, Das AK (2010). Litter production and decomposition in the forested areas of traditional homegardens: a case study from Barak Valley, Assam, northeast India. Agroforestry systems, 79 (2): 157-170.
[34]
Kumar BM, Nair PKR (2004). The enigma of tropical homegardens. Agroforestry System 61:135–152.
[35]
Gebrehiwot M (2013). Recent transitions in Ethiopian home garden agroforestry (21).
[36]
Abebe T (2013). Determinants of crop diversity and composition in Enset-coffee agroforestry homegardens of Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics (JARTS), 114 (1): 29-38.
[37]
Huang W, Luukkanen O, Johanson S, Kaarakka V, Räisänen S, Vihemäki H (2002). Agroforestry for biodiversity conservation of nature reserves: functional group identification and analysis. Agroforestry Systems. 55: 65–72.
[38]
Yeshitela TB, Nessel T (2004). Characterization and Classification of Mango Ecotypes Grown in Eastern Hararghe (Ethiopia). Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 19 (2): 179-180.
[39]
Hoekstra DE, Torquebiau B, Bishaw (eds) (1990). Agroforestry: Potentials and Research Needs for the Ethiopian Highlands. No. 21. Nairobi, Kenya: International Council in 22 Agroforestry (ICRAF). https: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Jimma (Web site visited on 02/10/2018).
[40]
Yadessa A, Itanna F, Olso M (2001). Contribution of indigenous trees to soil properties: the case of scattered trees of Cordia africana Lam. in croplands of western Oromia. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources, 3 (2): 245–270.
[41]
Gindaba J, Rozanov A, Negash L (2005). Trees on farms and their contribution to soil fertility parameters in Badessa, Eastern Ethiopia. Biology and fertility of soils, 42 (1): 66-71.
[42]
Asfaw B (2006). Woody species composition and socio-economic roles of traditional agroforestry practices across different agro-ecological zones in South Eastern Langano, Oromiya, M. Sc. Thesis, Hawassa University, Wondo Genet, Ethiopia.
[43]
Miyuki I, Abayneh D, Kaleb K, Catherine M, Ruth K, Ermias A, Evelyn K, Kiros H, Jeremias M, Fergus L, Sinclair (2017). Understanding patterns of tree adoption on farms in semiarid and sub-humid Ethiopia. Agroforest Syst 91: 271–293.
[44]
Nigussie A, Taye E, Bukero G (2014). Survey on potentials and constraints of shade tree species for arabica coffee production in South Ethiopia. International Journal of Recent Research in Life Sciences, 1 (1): 1-11.
[45]
Hundera K, Honnay O, Aerts R, Muys B (2015). The potential of small exclosures in assisting regeneration of coffee shade trees in Southwestern Ethiopian coffee forests. African Journal of Ecology, 53: 389–397.
[46]
Muleta D, Assefa F, Nemomissa S, Granhall U (2011). Socio-economic benefits of shade trees in coffee production systems in Bonga and Yayuhurumu districts, southwestern Ethiopia: Farmers’ perceptions. Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences, 7 (1): 39-56.
[47]
Endale B (2017). Environmental Contribution of Agroforestry Systems to Smallholder Farmers around Jimma town, southwestern Ethiopia, unpublished MSc. Thesis.
[48]
Ebisa L (2014). Effect of dominant shade trees on coffee production in Manasibu District, West Oromia, Ethiopia. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, 3 (3): 18-22.
[49]
Zerga B (2015). Ecological impacts of Eucalyptus plantation in Eza Wereda, Ethiopia. Int. Inv. J. Agric. Soil Sci, 3 (4): 47-51.
[50]
Pohjonen V, Pukkala T (1990). Eucalyputs globules in Ethiopia forestry. Forest Ecology and Management, 36: 9-31.
[51]
Mekonnen Z (2010). Community Opinion, Marketing and Current Debates on Eucalyptus in Huruta District, Arsi Zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia
[52]
Melaku E, Ewnetu Z, Teketay D (2014). Non-timber forest products and household incomes in Bonga forest area, Southwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Forestry Research, 25 (1): 215-223.
[53]
Agize M, Chama E, Shonga A (2016). Income Generating Activities of Women on Home Garden Farming in Damot Gale District (Woreda) of Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia, International Journal of African and Asian Studies, 23.
[54]
Jama B, Zeila A (2005). Agroforestry in the drylands of eastern Africa: a call to action. ICRAF Working Paper – no. 1. Nairobi: World Agroforestry Centre.
[55]
Gebreegziabher Z, Mekonnen A, Kassie M, Köhlin G (2010). Household tree planting in Tigrai, Northern Ethiopia: Tree species, purposes, and determinants. 2473 (432).
[56]
Gidey M, Beyene T, Signorini MA, Bruschi P, Yirga G (2015). Traditional medicinal plants used by Kunama ethnic group in Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 9 (15): 494-509.
[57]
Fisseha M (2007). An Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants in Wonago Woreda, SNNPR, Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Msc. Thesis, Unpublished.
[58]
Hunde D (2006). Use of traditional medicinal plants by people of Boosat sub district. J Health Sci, 16: 141-154.
[59]
Abera B (2014). Medicinal plants used in traditional medicine by Oromo people, Ghimbi District, Southwest Ethiopia. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 10 (1): 1.
[60]
El Tahir BA, Vishwanath A (2015). Estimation of Economic Value of Agroforestry Systems at the Local Scale in Eastern Sudan. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 3: 38-56.
[61]
ICRAF (1997). “Agroforestry potentials for the Ethiopian highlands,” Working Paper, International Centre for research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya.
[62]
Mbow C, Van Noordwijk M, Luedeling E, Neufeldt H, Minang PA, Kowero G (2014). Agroforestry solutions to address food security and climate change challenges in Africa. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 6: 61-67.
[63]
Bishaw B, Abdelkadir A (2003). Agroforestry and community forestry for rehabilitation of degraded watersheds on the Ethiopian highlands.
Browse journals by subject